Traces of ancient civilizations suggest that the Acropolis was inhabited during the 7th millennium before J-C. and before. Mycenaean ramparts built around the rock, and at its peak the royal palace and the tombs of their kings.
The Dionysus Theatre is considered the oldest theater in ancient Greece, it is located at the foot of the Acropolis on the south side. Dionysus was the god of wine, great celebrations were held there every year in his honor. In this theater, the famous classical tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides were born.
The Odeon is located at the foot of the Acropolis on the southwest slope. It was in 161 that it was erected by Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife Regilla, died the year before. With 87 m outside diameter, it could accommodate up to 5000 spectators on bleachers two levels and the white marble stage measuring 35 meters wide.
The Agora of Athens was, in antiquity, the main square of the city of Athens, venue you strollers and large market place: it was used to trade and meetings. As in all cities of Greece is in the agora that was at the time the Homeric sacred circle where the king is met, the gerontes and people before being transported to the Pnyx, only the assemblies pleinière were held there again.
The agora in ancient Greece refers to the central market and the gathering place of a city. There were 2 agora in Athens, they were close but distinct. One is the agora of Athens which dates from the 5th century BC. AD, the other corresponds to the forum in the Roman civilization built by Augustus between -19 and -11 BC. AD Under his reign, Hadrian enlarged and modernized.
The famous disciple of Socrates, founded his school of philosophy in the fourth century B.C. For a century, the former site of the Academy of Plato has been excavated, revealing the traces of buildings from different eras.